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Isolation and characterization of photosystem I and II membrane particles from the blue-green alga, Synechococcus cedrorum



Isolation and characterization of photosystem I and II membrane particles from the blue-green alga, Synechococcus cedrorum



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 503(2): 343-361



Fractions enriched in either Photosystem I or Photosystem II activity have been isolated from the blue-green alga, Synechococcus cedrorum after digitonin treatment. Sedimentation of this homogenate on a 10--30% sucrose gradient yielded three green bands: the upper band was enriched in Photosystem II, the lowest band was enriched in Photosystem I, while the middle band contained both activities. Large quantities of both particles were isolated by zonal centrifugation, and the material was then further purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. The resulting Photosystem II particles carried out light-induced electron transport from semicarbizide to ferricyanide of over 2000 mumol/mg Chlorophyll per h (which was sensitive to 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1, 1-dimethylurea), and was nearly devoid of Photosystem I activity. This particle contains beta-carotene, very little phycocyanin, has a chlorophyll absorption maximum at 675 nm, and a liquid N2 fluorescence maximum at 685 nm. The purest Photosystem II particles have a chlorophyll to cytochrome b-559 ratio of 50 : 1. The Photosystem I particle is highly enriched in P-700, with a chlorophyll to P-700 ratio of 40 : 1. The physical structure of the two Photosystem particles has also been studied by gel electrophoresis and electron microscopy. These results indicate that the size and protein composition of the two particles are distinctly different.

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Accession: 038952871

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PMID: 99171

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(78)90193-7


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