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Regulation of glutamine synthetase formation in Escherichia coli: characterization of mutants lacking the uridylyltransferase


Journal of Bacteriology 134(2): 569-577
Regulation of glutamine synthetase formation in Escherichia coli: characterization of mutants lacking the uridylyltransferase
A lambda phage (lambdaNK55) carrying the translocatable element Tn10, conferring tetracycline resistance (Tetr), has been utilized to isolate glutamine auxotrophs of Escherichia coli K-12. Such strains lack uridylyltransferase as a result of an insertion of the TN10 element in the glnD gene. The glnD::Tn10 insertion has been mapped at min 4 on the E. coli chromosome and 98% contransducible by phage P1 with dapD. A lambda transducing phage carrying the glnD gene has been identified. A glnD::Tn10 strain synthesizes highly adenylylated glutamine synthetase under all conditions of growth and fails to accumulate high levels of glutamine synthetase in response to nitrogen limitation. However, this strain, under nitrogen-limiting conditions, allows synthesis of 10 to 20 milliunits of biosynthetically active glutamine synthetase per mg of protein, which is sufficient to allow slow growth in the absence of glutamine. The GlnD phenotype in E. coli can be suppressed by the presence of mutations which increase the quantity of biosynthetically active glutamine synthetase.


Accession: 038974743

PMID: 26660



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