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Steady state kinetic analysis of the mechanism of guanosine triphosphate hydrolysis catalyzed by Escherichia coli elongation factor G and the ribosome

Steady state kinetic analysis of the mechanism of guanosine triphosphate hydrolysis catalyzed by Escherichia coli elongation factor G and the ribosome

Biochemistry 15(21): 4565-4569

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 9976

DOI: 10.1021/bi00666a003

The mechanism of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) hydrolysis catalyzed by elongation factor G and the ribosome in the absence of other participants in protein synthesis was examined by steady-state kinetic analysis. Optimal hydrolytic conditions were determined to be approximately pH 8.0, 20 mM Mg2+, and 80 mM NH4+. Kinetic analyses were performed under these conditions at constant elongation factor G concentrations and variable ribosome and GTP concentrations. The resulting double-reciprocal plots in conjunction with the inhibition patterns obtained with GDP indicated that the reaction occurs by an ordered mechanism in which GTP is the leading obligatory substrate. Dissociation constants for GTP and guanosine diphosphate (GDP), as well as limiting Michaelis constants for GTP and ribosomes, were calculated from the double-reciprocal plots. These values are: KSGTP = 37.0 muM, KSGDP = 16.5 muKMGTP = 8.0 muM, KMR = 0.22 muM. Inhibition was also observed at high ribosomal concentrations and suggests that inhibition was due both to the decreased breakdown of the tertiary elongation factor G-GDP-ribosome posthydrolytic complex and to the formation of a nonproductive elongation factor G-ribosome complex. A sequential mechanism with a dead-end elongation factor G-ribosome complex has been constructed to describe the hydrolysis of GTP catalyzed by elongation factor G and the ribosome.

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Accession: 038981659

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