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The chemical heterogeneity of human hemoglobin F. Direct evidence for the existence of three types of gamma chain, the G gamma I, A gamma I, and A gamma T chains



The chemical heterogeneity of human hemoglobin F. Direct evidence for the existence of three types of gamma chain, the G gamma I, A gamma I, and A gamma T chains



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 579(2): 421-431



Direct evidence is presented for the existence of three types of gamma chain of human hemoglobin F. A modification of a CM-cellulose chromatographic method has allowed the incomplete separation of these gamma chains while high pressure liquid chromatography and fingerprint analyses of tryptic peptides of zones of the isolated gamma chains, and amino acid analyses of isolated peptides were used to identify the chains. These studies have shown that the presence of a glycyl residue in position 136 (G gamma chain) is directly related to that of an isoleucyl residue in position 75 (I gamma chain), thus indicating the existence of an G gamma I chain, and that the presence of an alanyl residue in position 136 (A gamma chain) can be related to that of an isoleucyl residue in position 75, thus suggesting the existence of an A gamma I chain. When the isoleucyl residue at positive 75 is replaced by a threonyl residue, invariably it is related to the alanyl substitution at position 136 (A gamma T chain). These data support indirect evidence from case analyses and family studies which were published before, and indicate that the T gamma chain is an allele of the A gamma which should be renamed the A gamma T chain.

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Accession: 038987222

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PMID: 93972


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