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Treatment of acute asthma. Comparison of the effectiveness of corticosteroids and of a combination of corticosteroids and an adrenergic beta-stimulant

Treatment of acute asthma. Comparison of the effectiveness of corticosteroids and of a combination of corticosteroids and an adrenergic beta-stimulant

La Nouvelle Presse Medicale 6(45): 4183-4186

Two comparable groups of patients hospitalised for acute asthma received an intravenous infusion for two hours, containing corticosteroids in the first group and corticosteroids combined with an adrenergic beta-stimulant in the second. Course was assessed by the hourly measurement of forced expiratory volumen in one second (FEV1), heart rate and blood pressure. It was found that corticosteroids alone had a modest action (5,1% improvement in FEV1). By contrast, the combination of corticosteroids with an adrenergic beta-stimulant resulted in a rapid and pronounced improvement in FEV1 (19,9%), without producing any undisrable side-effects. No changes in arterial blood gases were noted under the influence of treatment. Injectable adrenergic beta-stimulants are therefore worthy of use in the treatment of an asthma attack, in the absencd of any contraindication.

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Accession: 038995363

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PMID: 24829

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