5-HT modulation of hyperpolarization-activated inward current and calcium-dependent outward current in a crustacean motor neuron

Kiehn, O.; Harris-Warrick, R.M.

Journal of Neurophysiology 68(2): 496-508


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3077
PMID: 1382120
DOI: 10.1152/jn.1992.68.2.496
Accession: 039021285

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1. Serotonergic modulation of a hyperpolarization-activated inward current, Ih, and a calcium-dependent outward current, Io(Ca), was examined in the dorsal gastric (DG) motor neuron, with the use of intracellular recording techniques in an isolated preparation of the crab stomatogastric ganglion (STG). 2. Hyperpolarization of the membrane from rest with maintained current pulses resulted in a slow time-dependent relaxation back toward rest and a depolarizing overshoot after termination of the current pulse. In voltage clamp, hyperpolarizing commands negative to approximately -70 mV caused a slowly developing inward current, Ih, which showed no inactivation. Repolarization back to the holding potential of -50 mV revealed a slow inward tail current. 3. The reversal potential for Ih was approximately -35 mV. Raising extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o) from 11 to 22 mM enhanced, whereas decreasing extracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]o) reduced the amplitude of Ih. These results indicate that Ih in DG is carried by both K+ and Na+ ions. 4. Bath application of serotonin (5-HT; 10 microM) caused a marked increase in the amplitude of Ih through its active voltage ranges. 5. The time course of activation of Ih was well fitted by a single exponential function and strongly voltage dependent. 5-HT increased the rate of activation of Ih. 5-HT also slowed the rate of deactivation of the Ih tail on repolarization to -50 mV. 6. The activation curve for the conductance (Gh) underlying Ih was obtained by analyzing tail currents. 5-HT shifted the half activation for Gh from approximately -105 mV in control to -95 mV, resulting in an increase in the amplitude of Gh active at rest. 7. Two to 4 mM Cs+ abolished Ih, whereas barium (200 microM to 2 mM) had only weak suppressing effects on Ih. Concomitantly, Cs+ also blocked the 5-HT-induced inward current and conductance increase seen at voltages negative to rest. In current clamp, Cs+ caused DG to hyperpolarize 3-4 mV from rest, suggesting that Ih is partially active at rest and contributes to the resting membrane potential. 8. Depolarizing voltage commands from a holding potential of -50 mV resulted in a total outward current (Io) with an initial transient component and a sustained steady-state component. Application of 5-HT reduced both the transient and sustained components of Io. 9. Io was reduced by 10-20 mM tetraethylammonium (TEA), suggesting that it is primarily a K+ current.