A comparative bronchodilator study of salbutamol and salbutamol sulphate that were administered by metered-dose inhalers

Ruffin, R.E.; Latimer, K.M.; Crockett, A.J.; Blight, M.M.

Medical Journal of Australia 150(5): 274-275; 277

1989


ISSN/ISBN: 0025-729X
PMID: 2716625
DOI: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.1989.tb136462.x
Accession: 039045821

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Abstract
Twenty-one patients with mild-to-moderately-severe asthma participated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over, randomized bronchodilator study of 200 micrograms of salbutamol (Glaxo) and 200 micrograms of salbutamol in the form of salbutamol sulphate (Riker; 50-microL and 25-microL valves) that were administered by metered-dose inhalers. The mean baseline forced expired volumes in one second (FEV1) were similar for the four separate study days. The three active treatments caused a significantly-greater FEV1 response than did placebo for four hours (P less than 0.05) and no difference was found between the treatments (P greater than 0.05). The power of the study was 75% with a clinically-significant difference in the FEV1 response of 25%. The administration of 200 micrograms of salbutamol (Glaxo) caused the same FEV1 response as did that of 400 micrograms of salbutamol at the end of that study day (P greater than 0.05), but both 200-micrograms doses of salbutamol sulphate (Riker) caused a smaller FEV1 response than did the 400 micrograms of salbutamol sulphate (P less than 0.05). These observations indicate that no clinically-significant difference occurs between the bronchodilator effects of salbutamol and those of salbutamol sulphate which is administered as 200 micrograms of salbutamol equivalent, with different propellant mixtures, dispersal agents and valvular systems.