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A comparison of intramedullary and extramedullary alignment systems for tibial component placement in total knee arthroplasty



A comparison of intramedullary and extramedullary alignment systems for tibial component placement in total knee arthroplasty



Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1991(263): 175-179



Fifty-two primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) using an intramedullary tibial jigging system to obtain ideal tibial alignment (90 degrees +/- 2 degrees) were compared with 62 TKAs using an extramedullary tibial jigging system. The Insall-Burstein total knee system was used in all cases, and all femoral components were positioned with extramedullary jigs. Postoperative evaluation consisted of a standing, hip-to-ankle anteroposterior roentgenogram and measurement of the following angles: (1) femorotibial, (2) tibial component, (3) femoral component, and (4) mechanical axis. Ideal tibial component alignment using the intramedullary system was statistically superior to alignment achieved with the extramedullary system. All other angle comparisons showed no statistical significance.

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Accession: 039049655

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1993372

DOI: 10.1097/00003086-199102000-00020


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