A comparison of the haemodynamic profiles of Ro 31-6930, cromakalim and nifedipine in anaesthetised normotensive rats

Duty, S.; Paciorek, P.M.; Waterfall, J.F.; Weston, A.H.

European Journal of Pharmacology 185(1): 35-42

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2999
PMID: 2226633
DOI: 10.1016/0014-2999(90)90208-n
Accession: 039051602

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Abstract
The regional haemodynamic profiles of Ro 31-6930, cromakalim and nifedipine were compared using pulsed Doppler flowmetry in the anaesthetised rat. In order of potency, Ro 31-6930 (0.1-300 micrograms/kg), cromakalim (1-300 micrograms/kg) and nifedipine (1-1000 micrograms/kg) produced dose related falls in mean arterial pressure. The hypotensive effects of Ro 31-6930 and cromakalim were accompanied by reflex tachycardia. All three agents reduced renal vascular resistance by 30-50%. Cromakalim exerted a selective action on this vascular bed. Similar maximal reductions in mesenteric vascular resistance (37-50%) were observed; however, cromakalim was the least potent on this vascular bed. Maximal reductions in iliac vascular resistance (65-78%) were observed, with an order of potency as observed on mean arterial pressure. Qualitative differences in the regional haemodynamic profiles of Ro 31-6930, cromakalim and nifedipine are evident from this study. The different profiles of Ro 31-6930 and cromakalim may reflect structural differences between the pharmacophores of these compounds.