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A gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (gamma) variant (gamma 6D, gamma 7D) of human activated protein C displays greatly reduced activity as an anticoagulant



A gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (gamma) variant (gamma 6D, gamma 7D) of human activated protein C displays greatly reduced activity as an anticoagulant



Biochemistry 29(48): 10828-10834



Site-specific mutagenesis has been employed to alter the cDNA of human protein C (PC), such that the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (gamma) pair at positions 6 and 7 of the recombinant (r) protein would be changed to aspartic acid residues. This variant, [gamma 6D, gamma 7D]r-PC, and its wild-type (wt) counterpart have been expressed in human kidney 293 cells. After purification, forms of wtr-PC that were fully gamma-carboxylated and beta-hydroxylated and of [gamma 6D, gamma 7D]r-PC that lacked only the two altered gamma-residues at amino acid sequence positions 6 and 7 were obtained. Subsequent to its conversion to activated PC (APC), [gamma 6D, gamma 7D]r-APC displayed a greatly reduced activity in the activated partial thromboplastin time of PC-deficient plasma, as compared to wtr-APC and human plasma APC. In addition, the activity of [gamma 6D, gamma 7D]r-APC toward inactivation of purified human factor VIII was reduced to less than 5% of that of wtr-APC and human plasma APC. These results, with the first reported mutations at gamma-residues of PC produced by recombinant DNA technology, indicate that the paired gamma-residues at positions 6 and 7, which are highly conserved in all vitamin K dependent coagulation proteins, are very important to generation of fully functional APC. Additional results demonstrate further that lack of gamma-carboxylation at positions 6 and 7 of PC does not substantially affect this same processing reaction at other relevant glutamic acid residues.

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Accession: 039064704

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PMID: 2125495


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