A gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist distinguishes three populations of GnRH analog-responsive cells in human and rat pituitary in vitro and produces an acute increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration without inducing gonadotropin secretion
Levy, A.; Lightman, S.L.; Hoyland, J.; Rawlings, S.; Mason, W.T.
Molecular Endocrinology 4(5): 678-684
We have examined the actions of the potent GnRH antagonist [N-acetyl-D beta Na11-D-pCl-Phe2-D-Phe3-D-Arg6,Phe7,Arg8-D-Ala10]NH2GnRH++ + (GnRHa) on basal and GnRH-stimulated LH secretion, inositol phospholipid turnover, and intracellular Ca2+ levels in dispersed rat anterior pituitary tissue. As expected, GnRHa was found to be a pure antagonist of secretion, but was paradoxically equipotent with GnRH in stimulating inositol phospholipid turnover. Examination of intracellular Ca2+ changes at the single cell level using digital video-enhanced fluorescence imaging demonstrated that dispersed rat pituitary cells appeared to contain three GnRH analog-responsive cell populations: those that increased intracellular Ca2+ in response to both GnRH and GnRHa, and those that responded to either GnRH or GnRHa only. These observations were extended to studies of the relatively homogeneous gonadotroph cell populations of endocrinologically inactive pituitary adenomas. Of five adenomas examined, one increased inositol phospholipid turnover in response to GnRHa plus GnRH, but not GnRH alone, three responded to GnRH only, and one responded to both GnRH and GnRHa. Our findings, therefore, suggest that three GnRH analog-responsive cell types are also present in human pituitary and that clonal expansion of any of these cell types may be responsible for tumor formation.