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A simple steady state kinetic model for alcohol dehydrogenase. Use of reaction progress curves for parameters estimation at pH 7.4

A simple steady state kinetic model for alcohol dehydrogenase. Use of reaction progress curves for parameters estimation at pH 7.4

Italian Journal of Biochemistry 36(4): 243-255

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-2938

PMID: 3429208

A simple rate equation for alcohol dehydrogenase was obtained by assuming independent binding sites for ethanol and NAD+ and fully competitive inhibition by the products of the reaction, acetaldehyde and NADH. A random binding order was also assumed. The rate equation is described by six parameters: four association constants (two for the substrates and two for the products of the reaction), Vf for the forward direction, and the equilibrium constant of the reaction. The six parameters were determined at pH 7.4 by numerical analysis of progress curves of reactions started with different concentrations of ethanol and NAD+. The parameters for alcohol dehydrogenase partially purified from rat liver were: Km for ethanol = 0.746 mM, Km for NAD+ = 0.0563 mM, Km for acetaldehyde = 7.07 microM, Km for NADH = 4.77 microM and Keq = 2.36 X 10(-4). The computed values allowed a very good simulation of the experimental progress curves and little variation was observed in the kinetic parameters when the reactions were started in the presence of either NADH or acetaldehyde.

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Accession: 039117004

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