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Acute cardiovascular responses to internal carotid artery occlusion during carotid endarterectomy and to the restoration of internal carotid flow

Acute cardiovascular responses to internal carotid artery occlusion during carotid endarterectomy and to the restoration of internal carotid flow

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 15(3): 289-295

Heart rate, central venous pressure, radial artery pressure and electrocardiograph were recorded in 14 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy under general anaesthesia supplemented with fentanyl and halothane and muscle relaxation as required. Induction of anaesthesia was followed by a significant reduction in systolic arterial pressure and a rise in central venous pressure (CVP). Thereafter CVP did not vary significantly and heart rate did not change significantly at any stage. After internal carotid artery occlusion, mean systolic pressure at one minute, 143 (SD 17) mmHg, and three minutes, 160 (SD 27) mmHg, were both significantly higher than prior to occlusion, 132 (SD 17) mmHg (P less than 0.01 and P less than 0.002 respectively). Similar significant changes occurred in diastolic pressure after carotid occlusion (P less than 0.02 and P less than 0.002 respectively). The restoration of flow through the internal carotid artery in patients operated on without a shunt was associated with a significant reduction in mean systolic pressure. The mean systolic pressure at one minute, 145 (SD 20) mmHg, and three minutes, 135 (SD 19) mmHg, were both significantly lower than that before restoration of flow, 159 (SD 17) mmHg (P less than 0.02 and P less than 0.05 respectively). Changes in mean diastolic pressure in this group at these times, while in the same direction, were not significant. The observed hypertensive response to carotid occlusion may assist in preserving cerebral perfusion while the internal carotid artery is occluded, but may be hazardous for patients with ischaemic heart disease.

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Accession: 039173327

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PMID: 3661962

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