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Allergens in Hymenoptera venom. XXI. Cross-reactivity and multiple reactivity between fire ant venom and bee and wasp venoms


Allergens in Hymenoptera venom. XXI. Cross-reactivity and multiple reactivity between fire ant venom and bee and wasp venoms



Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 82(5 Part 1): 828-834



ISSN/ISBN: 0091-6749

PMID: 3192866

DOI: 10.1016/0091-6749(88)90085-1

The relationships between fire ant venom and bee and wasp venoms were explored by studying sera from five groups of subjects. Group 1 included adults not allergic to any venoms and who were not exposed to fire ants. Group 2 included adults with fire ant exposure who were not allergic to venoms. Group 3 included patients with recent systemic reactions to fire ant venom. Group 4 included patients allergic to bee and vespid venoms with no fire ant exposure. Last, group 5 included patients allergic to bee and vespid venoms with fire ant exposure. None of the serum samples from group 1 was RAST reactive to fire ant venom, but 24% of those from group 2 were fire ant positive, as were 100% of those from group 3, 51% of those from group 4, and 87% of those from group 5. The RAST-positive patients in groups 2 and 5 were also skin test positive. RAST inhibition studies demonstrated cross-reactivity in some cases and multiple reactivity in others. The serum samples were further investigated via nondenaturing electrophoretic immunoblot studies and RAST with highly purified allergens. Serum samples from group 4 reacted to a single band on immunoblots and with only one of the four purified allergens from fire ant venom (Solenopsis invicta I, or Sol i I). Serum samples from groups 2, 3, and 5 showed various patterns of allergen reactivity. All serum samples from patients allergic to fire ant venom who also reacted to bee and/or vespid venoms by RAST contained IgE antibodies binding to Sol i I.

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Accession: 039214891

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