Alteration in fatty acid composition of adult rat brain capillaries and choroid plexus induced by a diet deficient in n-3 fatty acids: slow recovery after substitution with a nondeficient diet
Homayoun, P.; Durand, G.; Pascal, G.; Bourre, J.M.
Journal of Neurochemistry 51(1): 45-48
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3042 PMID: 2898007 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1988.tb04833.x
Wistar rats were fed for three generations with a semisynthetic diet containing either 1.5% sunflower oil (940 mg% of C18:2n-6, 6 mg% of C18:3n-3) or 1.9% soya oil (940 mg% of C18:2n-6, 130 mg% of C18:3n-3). At 60 days of age, the male offspring of the third generation were killed. The fatty acyl composition of isolated capillaries and choroid plexus was determined. The major changes noted in the fatty acid profile of isolated capillaries were a reduction (threefold) in the level of docosahexaenoic acid and, consequently, a fourfold increase in docosapentaenoic acid in sunflower oil-fed animals. The total percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids was close to that in the soya oil-fed rats, but the ratio of n-3/n-6 fatty acids was reduced by threefold. In the choroid plexus, the C22:6n-3 content was also reduced, but by 2.6-fold, whereas the C22:5n-6 content was increased by 2.3-fold and the ratio of n-3/n-6 fatty acids was reduced by 2.4-fold. When the diet of sunflower oil-fed rats was replaced with a diet containing soya oil at 60 days of age, the recovery in content of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids started immediately after diet substitution; it progressed slowly to reach normal values after 2 months for C22:6n-5 and 2.5 months for C22:6n-3. The recovery in altered fatty acids of choroid plexus was also immediate and very fast. Recovery in content of C22:5n-6 and C22:6n-3 was complete by 46 days after diet substitution.