Alternative splicing of rat tropoelastin mRNA is tissue-specific and developmentally regulated

Heim, R.A.; Pierce, R.A.; Deak, S.B.; Riley, D.J.; Boyd, C.D.; Stolle, C.A.

Matrix 11(5): 359-366


ISSN/ISBN: 0934-8832
PMID: 1811166
DOI: 10.1016/s0934-8832(11)80207-6
Accession: 039224587

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Sequence analysis of cDNA clones coding for rat tropoelastin previously has identified two variants that potentially corresponded to alternatively spliced tropoelastin mRNAs (Pierce et al., 1990). We have now used S1 nuclease protection analysis of total RNA from aorta, skin and lungs of 10-day and 6-week old rats to localize all sites of alternative splicing in the tropoelastin mRNA and to examine tissue-specific and developmental regulation of the use of these sites. This analysis revealed multiple sites of alternative splicing involving rat tropoelastin coding sequences corresponding to exons 12 through 15 of the bovine tropoelastin gene and a single site of alternative splicing at sequences corresponding to exon 33. Messenger RNAs from all three tissues at both developmental stages were alternatively spliced at the same sites; there was no evidence for the use of an alternative splice site unique to a particular tissue or developmental stage. However, both tissue-specific and developmentally regulated differences were apparent in the proportion of rat tropoelastin mRNA alternatively spliced at exon 33. Tropoelastin mRNA from the aorta and lungs of neonatal rats was alternatively spliced at exon 33 ten time more frequently than tropoelastin mRNA from skin. Between 10 days and 6 weeks of development, the use of this site of alternative splicing decreased by twenty-fold in RNA from skin, ten-fold in RNA from lungs and two-fold in RNA from aorta. In contrast, alternative splicing at exons 12 through 15 occurred in a small percentage of the mRNA and use of these sites exhibited minimal tissue-specific differences or developmental regulation.