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Amniotic fluid concentrations of 3,3',5'-tri-iodothyronine (reverse T3), 3,3'-di-iodothyronine, 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) in normal and complicated pregnancy

Amniotic fluid concentrations of 3,3',5'-tri-iodothyronine (reverse T3), 3,3'-di-iodothyronine, 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) in normal and complicated pregnancy

Clinical Endocrinology 10(4): 355-365

Amniotic fluid concentrations of 3,3',5'-tri-iodothyronine (rT3), 3,3'-Di-iodothyronine (3,3'-T2), 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) and T4 were studied in 384 women during normal and complicated pregnancy. An inverse correlation was observed between decreasing rT3 and increasing 3,3'-T2 concentrations in amniotic fluid with gestational age. The mean rT3 level in normal pregnancy was 2.81 nmol/1 at 12-20 weeks and decreased significantly to 1.06 nmol/1 at 36-42 weeks of gestation. The mean 3,3'-T2 concentration was 49.1 pmol/1 at12-20 weeks increasing to 119 pmol/1 at 36-42 weeks. The mean T4 value of 3.83 nmol/1 at 12-20 weeks was about half that of later periods. The T3 concentration in a random sample of 45 amniotic fluids ranged from less than 28 to 370 pmol/1 (mean 102 pmol/1). The mean rT3, 3,3'-T2 and T4 values measured in patients with intra-uterine malnutrition, gestation diabetes, tocolysis, placental insufficiency and rhesus incompatibility at 31-40 weeks of gestation were not significantly different from those in uncomplicated pregnancy. Significantly decreased rT3 and T4 concentrations were found in toxaemia. From the results obtained in complicated pregnancy it may be concluded that measurements of iodothyronines, especially rT3, in amniotic fluid have insignificant diagnostic value in the recognition of intra-uterine lesions with the probable exception of fetal hypothyroidism. The analysis of the dependence of iodothyronine concentrations on the gestational age showed a maximum of rT3 and T4 levels between 20 and 30 weeks of pregnancy. This marked rise of iodothyronine concentrations in amniotic fluid at mid-gestation may be due to the onsetting maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid control system of the fetus.

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Accession: 039232319

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 476970

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.1979.tb02090.x

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