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An intervention study of tobacco chewing and smoking habits for primary prevention of oral cancer among 12,212 Indian villagers

An intervention study of tobacco chewing and smoking habits for primary prevention of oral cancer among 12,212 Indian villagers

Iarc Scientific Publications 1986(74): 307-318

In a house-to-house screening survey, 12,212 tobacco chewers and smokers were selected from the rural population in the Ernakulam district, Kerala state, India. These individuals were interviewed for their tobacco habits and examined for the presence of oral cancer and precancerous lesions, first in a baseline survey, and then annually, over a five-year period. They were educated using personal and mass media communication to give up their tobacco habits. The control group was provided from the results of the first five years of a 10-year follow-up study conducted earlier by the authors in the same area with the same methodology but on different individuals without any educational intervention. The stoppage of the tobacco habit was substantially higher in the intervention group (9.4%) compared to the control group (3.2%). A logistic regression analysis showed that the behavioural intervention was helpful to all categories of individuals, however, the effect was different for different categories: intervention was more helpful to men, chewers, and those with a long duration of the habit. These individuals rarely quit their habit without intervention.

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Accession: 039253613

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PMID: 3623672

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