Antagonizing effect of aspartic acid on the development of physical dependence on and tolerance to morphine in the rat
Koyuncuoglu, H.; Sagduyu, H.; Güngör, M.; Eroglu, L.; Genç, E.
Arzneimittel-Forschung 27(9): 1676-1679
As free amino acids in the brain have a role in the development of physical dependence on and tolerance to morphine, and in the mechanism of action of some drugs, the effects of aspartic acid which antagonizes some effects of the single dose of morphine were studied during the development of the physical dependence on morphine and after the withdrawal of morphine. 108 rats were given morphine and aspartic acid in different combinations in drinking water for 30 days. Every tenth day the dose of morphine was increased: At the end of this period some of them in each group continued or began to receive aspartic acid depending on the experimental conditions after the withdrawal of morphine. During the experiments body weight, spontaneous motor activity and analgesic threshold were determined. Aspartic acid prevented the alterations induced by morphine during the development of physical dependence and tolerance. Furthermore the rats that received aspartic acid after the withdrawal showed no body weight loss.