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Anticodon-anticodon interaction induces conformational changes in tRNA: yeast tRNAAsp, a model for tRNA-mRNA recognition



Anticodon-anticodon interaction induces conformational changes in tRNA: yeast tRNAAsp, a model for tRNA-mRNA recognition



Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 83(4): 932-936



The crystal structure of yeast tRNAAsp enables visualization of an anticodon-anticodon interaction at the molecular level. Except for differences in the base stacking and twist, the overall conformation of the anticodon loop is quite similar to that of yeast tRNAPhe. The anticodon nucleotide triplets, GUC, of two symmetrically related molecules form a minihelix of the RNA type 11. The modified base m1G37 stacks on both sides of the triplets and enforces the continuity with the anticodon stems. Anticodon association induces long-range conformational changes in the region of the dihydrouracil and thymine loops. Experimental evidence includes the variation in the distribution of temperature factors between yeast tRNAPhe and tRNAAsp, the difference in the self-splitting patterns of tRNAAsp in crystal and solution, and the differential accessibility of cytidines to dimethyl sulfate in free and duplex tRNAAsp. These observations are linked to the fragility and disruption of the G.C Watson-Crick base pair at the corner of the molecule formed by the dihydrouracil and thymine loops.

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Accession: 039297338

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3513167

DOI: 10.2307/27068


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