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Arachidonic acid release in rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with antigen, ionophore A23187, and compound 48/80



Arachidonic acid release in rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with antigen, ionophore A23187, and compound 48/80



Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 127(3): 726-732



Rat peritoneal mast cells respond to various types of secretagogues, such as antigen (receptor-mediated), A23187 (calcium mobilizing), and compound 48/80 (membrane perturbing), and release arachidonic acid from membrane phospholipids prelabeled with [3H]arachidonate. The rate of arachidonic acid liberation varied from one stimulant to the other. Ionophore A23187 (0.1 micrograms/ml) appeared to be most potent in releasing arachidonate among the three stimulants at which doses each secretagogue caused almost equivalent histamine secretion. However, upon stimulation with these three secretagogues, the radioactivity of phosphatidylcholine (PC) was markedly reduced with a concomitant increase of arachidonate radioactivity. Hydrolysis of PC by phospholipase A2 is likely to be the major route of arachidonic acid liberation in either IgE-mediated or non-IgE activation in mast cells.

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Accession: 039316708

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PMID: 3921018

DOI: 10.1016/s0006-291x(85)80003-6


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