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Arg-257 and Arg-307 of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase bind the C-2 phospho group of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate in the fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase domain



Arg-257 and Arg-307 of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase bind the C-2 phospho group of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate in the fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase domain



Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(27): 19163-19171



Rat liver fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase, which catalyzes its reaction via a phosphoenzyme intermediate, is evolutionarily related to the phosphoglycerate mutase enzyme family (Bazan, F., Fletterick, R., and Pilkis, S.J. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86, 9642-9646). Arg-7 and Arg-59 of the yeast phosphoglycerate mutase have been postulated to be substrate-binding residues based on the x-ray crystal structure. The corresponding residues in rat liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase, Arg-257 and Arg-307, were mutated to alanine. The Arg257Ala and Arg307Ala mutants and the wild-type enzyme were expressed in Escherichia coli and then purified to homogeneity. Both mutant enzymes had identical far and near UV circular dichroism spectra and 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activities when compared with the wild-type enzyme. However, the Arg257Ala and Arg307Ala mutants had altered steady state fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase kinetic properties; the Km values for fructose-2,6-bisphosphate of the Arg257Ala and Arg307Ala mutants were increased by 12,500- and 760-fold, whereas the Ki values for inorganic phosphate were increased 7.4- and 147-fold, respectively, as compared with the wild-type values. However, the Ki values for the other product, fructose-6-phosphate, were unchanged for the mutant enzymes. Although both mutants exhibited parallel changes in kinetic parameters that reflect substrate/product binding, they had opposing effects on their respective maximal velocities; the maximal velocity of Arg257Ala was 11-fold higher, whereas that for Arg307Ala was 700-fold lower, than that of the wild-type enzyme. Pre-steady state kinetic studies demonstrated that the rate of phosphoenzyme formation for Arg307Ala was at least 4000-fold lower than that of the wild-type enzyme, whereas the rate for Arg257Ala was similar to the wild-type enzyme. Furthermore, consistent with the Vmax changes, the rate constant for phosphoenzyme breakdown for Arg257Ala was increased 9-fold, whereas that for Arg307Ala was decreased by a factor of 500-fold, as compared with the wild-type value. The results indicate that both Arg-257 and Arg-307 interact with the reactive C-2 phospho group of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate and that Arg-307 stabilizes this phospho group in the transition state during phosphoenzyme breakdown, whereas Arg-257 stabilizes the phospho group of the ground state phosphoenzyme intermediate.

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Accession: 039319630

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PMID: 1326547


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