+ Site Statistics
References:
52,654,530
Abstracts:
29,560,856
PMIDs:
28,072,755
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn

+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Asymptomatic hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia with renal cation loss (Gitelman syndrome)



Asymptomatic hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia with renal cation loss (Gitelman syndrome)



Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde 135(6): 340-342



Hypokalemia with hyperkaliuresis was diagnosed in a 10 1/4-year-old boy, who presented with spontaneously disappearing abdominal pain. The diagnosis of Gitelman-Syndrome (asymptomatic chronic hypokalemia and -magnesemia) was established after detection of hypomagnesemia, renal magnesium losing but normal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and glomerular filtration rate. After oral supplementation of potassium hypokalemia persisted and hyperkaliuresis increased. The substitution was discontinued, the hyperkaliuresis diminished and the child remained asymptomatic during a 24 months follow-up. The substitution of potassium and magnesium can be avoided in children with Gitelman-Syndrome as long as they remain asymptomatic.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 039341031

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3614231



Related references

An unusual presentation of primary renal hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia (Gitelman's syndrome). Renal Failure 32(3): 407-410, 2010

GitelmanĀ“s syndrome as common cause of hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia. Vnitrni Lekarstvi 62 Suppl 6: 78-83, 2018

Gitelman's syndrome (familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia). Hippokratia 11(3): 150-153, 2007

Familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia or Gitelman's syndrome: a further case. Nephron 62(3): 340-344, 1992

Gitelman syndrome: a rare cause of hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia in children. Archives de Pediatrie 3(3): 293-294, 1996

Gitelman's syndrome: an overlooked cause of chronic hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia in adults. Acta Clinica Belgica 56(4): 248-254, 2001

5 children with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria (Gitelman syndrome) in one family. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 141(35): 1698-1701, 1997

Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia of hereditary renal tubular origin. Bartter and Gitelman syndromes. Acta Bio-Medica 74(3): 163-167, 2004

Distal nephron function in familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia (Gitelman's syndrome). Nephron 66(1): 122-123, 1994

Studies on the pathogenesis of hypokalemia in Gitelman's syndrome: role of bicarbonaturia and hypomagnesemia. American Journal of Nephrology 18(1): 42-49, 1998

Genetic heterogeneity in tubular hypomagnesemia-hypokalemia with hypocalcuria (Gitelman's syndrome). Kidney International 47(2): 547-551, 1995

Gitelman syndrome. An overlooked disease with chronic hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia in adults. Ugeskrift for Laeger 165(11): 1123-1127, 2003

Gitelman's syndrome: report of a 19-year old woman with intractable hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia, and a review of the syndrome. South Dakota Journal of Medicine 52(10): 377-380, 1999

Gitelman syndrome-associated severe hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia: case report and review of the literature. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 23(11): 1301-1304, 2011

Hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and recurrent tetany: Gitelman syndrome in a Chinese pedigree and literature review. Clinical Case Reports 5(5): 578-586, 2017