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Basic fibroblast growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I are strong mitogens for cultured mouse keratinocytes



Basic fibroblast growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I are strong mitogens for cultured mouse keratinocytes



Journal of Cellular Physiology 137(2): 277-284



Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), but not acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), was found to be mitogenic for cultured mouse keratinocytes. A six-to-nine fold increase in 3H-thymidine (3H-dT) incorporation into the acid insoluble pool and a similar increase of the labeling index can be measured when bFGF, at a concentration between 1 and 10 ng/ml, is added to keratinocytes arrested in serum-free and growth factor-free medium with a Ca++-concentration below 0.1 mM. The half-maximal response is observed between 0.2 and 0.7 ng/ml. In the same culture system, insulin-like growth factor I/somatomedin C (IGF-I) and insulin act as mitogens. IGF-I shows half-maximal stimulation with 2-3 ng/ml, insulin with 100-500 ng/ml. Basic FGF, IGF-I and insulin can be classified as strong stimulators of DNA synthesis in mouse keratinocytes. In this regard they are comparable to epidermal growth factor, which shows a half-maximal stimulation at a concentration between 1.5-2 ng/ml. These results show that in addition to mesenchymal cells, FGF is a growth factor not only for neuroectodermal cells, but ectodermal cells in general. They further support the idea that the growth promoting effect of insulin on keratinocytes may be mediated by the IGF-I receptor.

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Accession: 039369663

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PMID: 2461376

DOI: 10.1002/jcp.1041370210



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