Binding sites for alpha-bungarotoxin and the noncompetitive inhibitor phencyclidine on a synthetic peptide comprising residues 172-227 of the alpha-subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

Donnelly-Roberts, D.L.; Lentz, T.L.

Biochemistry 30(30): 7484-7491

1991


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960
PMID: 1854749
DOI: 10.1021/bi00244a017
Accession: 039390039

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Abstract
The binding of the competitive antagonist alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-Btx) and the noncompetitive inhibitor phencyclidine (PCP) to a synthetic peptide comprising residues 172-227 of the alpha-subunit of the Torpedo acetylcholine receptor has been characterized. 125I-alpha-Btx bound to the 172-227 peptide in a solid-phase assay and was competed by alpha-Btx (IC50 = 5.0 x 10(-8) M), d-tubocurarine (IC50 = 5.9 X 10(-5)M), and NaCl (IC50 = 7.9 x 10(-2)M). In the presence of 0.02% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 125I-alpha-Btx bound to the 56-residue peptide with a KD of 3.5 nM, as determined by equilibrium saturation binding studies. Because alpha-Btx binds to a peptide comprising residues 173-204 with the same affinity and does not bind to a peptide comprising residues 205-227, the competitive antagonist and hence agonist binding site lies between residues 173 and 204. After photoaffinity labeling, [3H]PCP was bound to the 172-227 peptide. [3H]PCP binding was inhibited by chlorpromazine (IC50 = 6.3 x 10(-5)M), tetracaine (IC50 = 4.2 x 10(-6)M), and dibucaine (IC50 = 2.7 x 10(-4)M). Equilibrium saturation binding studies in the presence of 0.02% sodium dodecyl sulfate showed that [3H]PCP bound at two sites, a major site of high affinity with an apparent KD of 0.4 microM and a minor low-affinity site with an apparent KD of 4.6 microM. High -affinity binding occurred at a single site on peptide 205-227 (KD = 0.27 microM) and was competed by chlorpromazine but not by alpha-Btx.