C-myc overexpression, c-mil, c-myb expression in a breast tumor cell line. Effects of estrogen and antiestrogen

Collyn-d'Hooghe, M.; Vandewalle, B.; Hornez, L.; Lantoine, D.; Revillion, F.; Lefebvre, J.; Kerckaert, J.P.

Anticancer Research 11(6): 2175-2179


ISSN/ISBN: 0250-7005
PMID: 1776859
Accession: 039432325

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In breast tumor cell lines, c-myc amplification is frequently associated with estrogen unresponsiveness. We, however, succeeded in characterizing an estrogen-responsive cell line VHB1 derived from a duct cell carcinoma, which exhibits c-myc amplification and overexpression. We therefore studied the effects of estrogen and antiestrogen on c-myc expression in this particular cell line. We also investigated these effects on the expression of c-mil and c-myb oncogenes, also expressed but not amplified in VHB1 cells. Short-(1 h) and long-(72 h) term stimulations were performed. Our experiments showed that estradiol (E2 10(-8) M) was still able to stimulate c-myc expression equally either after short or long-term treatment. In the same way, the antiestrogen 4-hydroxytamoxifen equally decreased c-myc expression but the reversal effect of E2 after long-term antiestrogen treatment was more pronounced than after short-term treatment. The effects of E2 and 4-OH Tam on the expression of the not-amplified c-mil and c-myb oncogenes were stronger than those observed on c-myc expression; however, the E2 reversal effect was identical either after short or long-term antiestrogen treatment. Our results may enlighten some aspects of the complex action of some of the early- and late-growth regulated genes in breast cancer.