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Calcium transport by sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle is inhibited by antibodies against the 53-kilodalton glycoprotein of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane



Calcium transport by sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle is inhibited by antibodies against the 53-kilodalton glycoprotein of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane



Biochemistry 28(11): 4830-4839



The effects of an antiserum against the 53-kDa glycoprotein (GP-53) of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and of monoclonal antibodies against GP-53 on Ca2+ transport and ATP hydrolysis by SR of rabbit skeletal muscle have been investigated. Preincubation of SR with an antiserum against GP-53 resulted in decreased ATP-driven Ca2+ transport by the SR but had no effect on Ca2+-stimulated ATP hydrolysis. Preincubation of SR with preimmune serum had no significant effect on either Ca2+ transport or Ca2+-ATPase activity. The effect of anti-GP-53 serum was time and concentration dependent. Preincubation of SR with two monoclonal antibodies against GP-53 had no effect on Ca2+ transport or on Ca2+-stimulated ATP hydrolysis. However, preincubation of SR with either monoclonal antibody against GP-53 together with a monoclonal antibody against the Ca2+-ATPase (at levels which had little effect alone) resulted in markedly decreased rates of Ca2+ uptake and ATP hydrolysis. Preincubation of SR with anti-GP-53-serum or with monoclonal antibodies, under the same conditions that inhibited Ca2+ uptake, did not increase the passive permeability of the SR membrane to Ca2+, did not decrease the permeability of the SR to oxalate, and did not cause significant proteolysis of the Ca2+-ATPase. Our results are consistent with the interpretation that GP-53 may modulate the function of the Ca2+-ATPase of the SR membrane.

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Accession: 039442212

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PMID: 2527558

DOI: 10.1021/bi00437a047


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