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Calcium-independent gamma-aminobutyric acid release from growth cones: role of gamma-aminobutyric acid transport



Calcium-independent gamma-aminobutyric acid release from growth cones: role of gamma-aminobutyric acid transport



Journal of Neurochemistry 56(1): 273-280



Neuronal growth cones isolated in bulk from neonatal rat forebrain have uptake and K(+)-stimulated release mechanisms for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Up to and including postnatal day 5, the K(+)-stimulated release of [3H]GABA and endogenous GABA is Ca2+ independent. At these ages, isolated growth cones neither contain synaptic vesicles nor stain for synaptic vesicle antigens. Here we examined the possibility that the release mechanism underlying Ca2(+)-independent GABA release from isolated growth cones is by reversal of the plasma membrane GABA transporter. The effects of two GABA transporter inhibitors, nipecotic acid and an analogue of nipecotic acid, SKF 89976-A, on K(+)-stimulated release of [3H]GABA from superfused growth cones were examined. Nipecotic acid both stimulated basal [3H]GABA release and enhanced K(+)-stimulated release of [3H]GABA, which indicates that this agent can stimulate GABA release and is, therefore, not a useful inhibitor with which to test the role of the GABA transporter in K(+)-stimulated GABA release from growth cones. In contrast, SKF 89976-A profoundly depressed both basal and K(+)-stimulated [3H]GABA release. This occurred at similar concentrations at which uptake was blocked. These observations provide evidence for a major role of the GABA transporter in GABA release from neuronal growth cones.

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Accession: 039442883

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PMID: 1987321


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