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Cardiac membrane vitamin E and malondialdehyde levels in heart muscle of normotensive and spontaneously-hypertensive rats



Cardiac membrane vitamin E and malondialdehyde levels in heart muscle of normotensive and spontaneously-hypertensive rats



Lipids 24(1): 33-38



The vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) and free and bound malondialdehyde (MDA) in ventricular heart muscle and myocardial membrane from Wistar-Kyoto (W/K) normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats have been measured directly by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBA-RS) in the myocardium and heart-muscle membrane of the two strains was also quantified by a colorimetric TBA test. It was found that SH-rat myocardium and myocardial membrane contained more than 3-fold less alpha-tocopherol than did heart muscle and cardiac membrane of the normotensive rat. Coincident with this relative vitamin E deficiency were several-fold greater amounts of MDA and TBA-RS in SH-rat myocardium and myocardial membrane. Most (87%) of the MDA in SH-rat heart muscle, but only 40% in W/K-rat heart muscle, was free (i.e., unbound). These results offer direct evidence that SH-rat myocardium is vitamin E-deficient and highly peroxidative, relative to cardiac muscle of the normotensive W/K parent strain. The lower vitamin E content of SH-rat myocardium is particularly striking, because SH-rat myocardial membrane was found to contain approximately 35% more phospholipid than myocardial membrane in the W/K rat. Although the amounts of myocardial TBA-RS are greater in the SH strain, they do not reflect the actual MDA profiles of the heart muscles or the heart membranes and cannot be used as a quantitative index of cardiac oxidative-injury status due to non-MDA TBA-RS in both strains.

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Accession: 039458778

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PMID: 2747428

DOI: 10.1007/bf02535261



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