Section 40
Chapter 39,474

Casein accumulation in distended rough endoplasmic reticulum of collagen gel-cultivated mouse mammary epithelia

Hurley, D.; Hwang, S.I.; Rocha, V.

Journal of Cellular Physiology 141(1): 135-141


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9541
PMID: 2777896
DOI: 10.1002/jcp.1041410120
Accession: 039473234

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Mouse mammary epithelial cells cultivated on collagen gels synthesize and secrete casein in a hormone-dependent manner. Fine-structure electron microscopy of secretory cultures revealed numerous cytoplasmic structures surrounded by membrane that is studded with ribosomes. The structures appear to be distended rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). Electron microscope protein A-colloidal gold immunolocalization showed casein antiserum-specific deposition of gold particles over the RER cytoplasmic vesicles in cells provided insulin, prolactin, and hydrocortisone (IPF). Nonimmune antiserum showed no gold particle deposition over these cytoplasmic structures. Epithelia provided only insulin showed no such cytoplasmic vesicles nor any specific deposition of gold particles. Immunoblot analysis of cell lysate and culture medium showed casein only in IPF-treated cultures. It appears that the casein secretory pathway in collagen gel cultured mammary epithelia is blocked at the step that fuses RER vesicles to Golgi membrane. The data raise questions regarding the processing and maturation of casein and the mechanism of casein secretion in these cultures.

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