Section 40
Chapter 39,475

Catalytic site occupancy during ATP hydrolysis by MF1-ATPase. Evidence for alternating high affinity sites during steady-state turnover

Cunningham, D.; Cross, R.L.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(35): 18850-18856


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 2904435
Accession: 039474568

Download citation:  

The mechanism of ATP hydrolysis by the solubilized mitochondrial ATPase (MF1) has been studied under conditions where catalytic turnover occurs at one site, uni-site catalysis (obtained when enzyme is in excess of substrate), or at two sites, bi-site catalysis (obtained when substrate is in excess of enzyme). Pulse-chase experiments support the conclusion that the sites which participate in bi-site catalysis are the same as those which participate in uni-site catalysis. Upon addition of ATP in molar excess to MF1, label that was bound under uni-site conditions dissociates at a rate equal to the rate of bi-site catalysis. Similarly, when medium ATP is removed, label that was bound under bi-site conditions dissociates at a rate equal to the rate of uni-site catalysis. Evidence that a high affinity catalytic site equivalent to the one observed under uni-site conditions participates as an intermediate in bi-site catalysis includes the demonstration of full occupancy of a catalytically competent site during steady-state turnover at nanomolar concentrations of ATP. Improved measurements of the interaction of ADP at a high affinity catalytic site have lead to the revision of several of the rate constants that define uni-site catalysis. The rate constant for unpromoted dissociation of ADP is equal to that for Pi (4 X 10(-3) s-1). The rate of binding ADP at a high affinity chaseable site (Kd = 1 nM) is equal to the rate of binding ATP (4 X 10(6) M-1 s-1). The rate of catalysis obtained when substrate binding at one site promotes product release from an adjacent site (bi-site catalysis) is up to 100,000-fold faster than unpromoted product release (uni-site catalysis).

PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90