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Catheter-directed neodymium:YAG laser injury of the left ventricle for arrhythmia ablation: dosimetry and hemodynamic, hematologic, and electrophysiologic effects

Catheter-directed neodymium:YAG laser injury of the left ventricle for arrhythmia ablation: dosimetry and hemodynamic, hematologic, and electrophysiologic effects

Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 9(5): 446-453

ISSN/ISBN: 0196-8092

PMID: 2811567

DOI: 10.1002/lsm.1900090504

The study evaluated catheter-directed laser injury of the left ventricular myocardium in a canine model as a potential method for treatment of resistant ventricular tachycardia. The relationship between laser energy delivered, the laser delivery characteristics, and the lesion size was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. The effect of laser injury on several hematologic and hemodynamic parameters was studied. Programmed electrical stimulation studies were performed to assess the proarrhythmia potential of laser injury of the myocardium. The results showed the depth and diameter of myocardial injury to be directly related to total laser energy applied. Both depth and diameter of injury were increased by multiple applications of laser energy to the same myocardial location. One-half to full thickness left ventricular injury was produced without perforation or embolization. Endocardial vaporization occurred only with laser powers higher than necessary to produce full-thickness injury. There was no sustained effect on the hemodynamic or hematologic variables studied, nor were proarrhythmia effects identified. The laser injury produced in these studies was of smaller magnitude than might be necessary for clinical arrhythmia ablation, and the lack of sustained hemodynamic effects and pro-arrhythmia potential needs to be verified in subsequent studies with larger laser lesions. The results support continued evaluation of catheter-directed laser injury of the myocardium as a potential method for elimination of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias.

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Accession: 039476252

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