Characterization of a factor VIII immunogenic site using factor VIII synthetic peptide 1687-1695 and rabbit anti-peptide antibodies
Tiarks, C.; Pechet, L.; Anderson, J.; Mole, J.E.; Humphreys, R.E.
Thrombosis Research 65(3): 301-310
ISSN/ISBN: 0049-3848 PMID: 1378653 DOI: 10.1016/0049-3848(92)90161-3
A 9 amino acid peptide, Ser-Pro-Arg-Ser-Phe-Gln-Lys-Lys-Thr, corresponding to the clotting factor VIII (FVIII) sequence Ser1687-Thr1695, was synthesized in order to analyze a site on FVIII to which antibody inhibitors of FVIII may be directed. This sequence contained a thrombin cleavage site. It was predicted to be immunogenic because a Hopp-Woods hydrophilicity analysis of the amino acid sequence of FVIII showed it to be very hydrophilic, and it contained a proline. The HPLC-purified peptide was cleaved by thrombin at Arg1689-Ser1690, as determined by amino acid sequencing of the cleavage product. Thrombin which had been treated with a specific chloromethyl ketone inhibitor, did not cleave the peptide. Two rabbits immunized with the peptide/keyhole limpet hemocyanin conjugate generated FVIII inhibitory sera with titers of 5.4 and 4.8 Bethesda units. These rabbit anti-peptide antibodies reacted with a peptide/-BSA conjugate on immunodot blot analyses and with native, affinity-purified FVIII in Western blots. In competitive immunoradiometric assays, cryosupernatants of 38/82 patients with FVIII inhibitors reacted with the synthetic peptide. We conclude that FVIII peptide Ser1687-Thr1695 is cleaved by thrombin at the same peptide bond which is cleaved in FVIII, and the peptide contains a site to which patients' inhibitory antibodies can be directed.