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Characterization of chicken liver L-alanine:4,5-dioxovaleric acid aminotransferase

International Journal of Biochemistry 21(6): 679-687

Characterization of chicken liver L-alanine:4,5-dioxovaleric acid aminotransferase

1. A procedure is described for purifying the enzyme L-alanine:4,5-dioxovaleric acid aminotransferase (DOVA transaminase) from chicken liver. The enzyme catalyzes a transamination reaction between L-alanine and 4,5-dioxovaleric acid (DOVA), yielding delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). 2. In cell fractionation studies, DOVA transaminase activities were detected in mitochondria and in the post-mitochondrial supernatant fraction from liver homogenates. 3. For the mitochondrial enzyme, any of most L-amino acids could serve as a source for the amino group transferred to DOVA, but L-alanine appeared the preferred substrate. At pH 7.0, the enzyme had an apparent Km of 60 microM for DOVA and of 400 microM for L-alanine. 4. The enzyme was purified from disrupted mitoplasts in three steps: chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, gel filtration through Sephadex G-150, and chromatography on hydroxyapatite. The yield was approx. 100 micrograms of enzyme protein per 10 g wet wt of liver. 5. The purified enzyme had a subunit mol. wt of 63,000 as determined by gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions. 6. The activity of DOVA transaminase was also measured in embryonic chicken liver, and based on activity, the enzyme's capacity to produce ALA was significantly greater than that of ALA synthase. Unlike ALA synthase, however, DOVA transaminase activity did not increase in liver mitochondria of chicken embryos exposed for 18 hr to two potent porphyrogenic agents.

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Accession: 039521481

PMID: 2792552

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