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Characterization of syngeneic antiidiotypic monoclonal antibodies to murine anti-human high molecular weight melanoma-associated antigen monoclonal antibodies

Kusama, M.; Kageshita, T.; Chen, Z.J.; Ferrone, S.

Journal of Immunology 143(11): 3844-3852

1989


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 2584721
Accession: 039524758

Hybridization with murine myeloma cells P3-X63-Ag8.653 of splenocytes from BALB/c mice immunized with syngeneic anti-human high molecular weight melanoma-associated Ag (HMW-MAA) mAb 149.53, 225.28, 763.74, and TP41.2 has resulted in the formation of antiidiotypic antibody-secreting hybridomas with a frequency ranging between 1.2% and 5.2%. No marked difference was detected in the frequency of antibody secreting hybridomas in the fusions generated from mice immunized with the four anti-HMW-MAA mAb, suggesting that the idiotopes expressed by each of them display similar immunogenicity in a syngeneic combination. The number of antiidiotypic mAb that did not inhibit the binding of immunizing mAb to melanoma cells was higher than that of those that died, suggesting that idiotopes not associated with the Ag-combining site are more immunogenic than those that are. The idiotopes recognized by mAb were not detected on a large panel of anti-HLA Class I mAb, anti-HLA Class II mAb, and anti-human melanoma-associated Ag mAb. The latter included also mAb that cross-inhibit the immunizing anti-HMW-MAA mAb. The idiotopes recognized by mAb were not detected on the isolated H and L chain of the immunizing anti-HMW-MAA mAb. Cross-blocking experiments with a selected number of antiidiotypic mAb identified three distinct idiotopes on mAb 149.53, 225.28, and TP41.2 and two on mAb 763.74. Three, 5, 2, and 5 antiidiotypic mAb to idiotopes within the Ag-combining site of mAb 149.53, 225.28, 763.74, and TP41.2, respectively, were tested for their ability to induce anti-HMW-MAA antibodies. Serological and immunochemical assays detected anti-HMW-MAA antibodies only in sera from BALB/c mice immunized with mAb MK2-23. Therefore, mAb MK2-23 can be classified as beta, while the remaining 14 can be classified as gamma.

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