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Chronopharmacokinetics of beta-receptor blocking drugs of different lipophilicity (propranolol, metoprolol, sotalol, atenolol) in plasma and tissues after single and multiple dosing in the rat

Chronopharmacokinetics of beta-receptor blocking drugs of different lipophilicity (propranolol, metoprolol, sotalol, atenolol) in plasma and tissues after single and multiple dosing in the rat

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 330(1): 42-49

Comparative pharmacokinetic studies with the beta-receptor blocking drugs propranolol, metoprolol, sotalol and atenolol, differing greatly in lipophilicity, and their main route of elimination were performed in light-dark-synchronized rats after equimolar single (6 mumoles/kg) or multiple (6 X 6 mumoles/kg) drug application. Drug concentrations were determined in plasma and various target organs of the drugs, e.g. heart, muscle, lung and brain, after drug application in the light period (L) and dark period (D), respectively. After single drug administration pharmacokinetic parameters of all drugs depended on the L and D conditions. Elimination half-lives in plasma and organs were shorter during D than during L. No L-D-differences were found in initial drug concentrations of the hydrophilic drugs sotalol and atenolol. In contrast, C0-values of the lipophilic propranolol in highly perfused organs (muscle, lung, brain) and of metoprolol in muscle tissue were significantly higher in D than in L. No obvious temporal dependency was found in other pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC, plasma clearance, Vd beta) with the exception in Vd beta of propranolol. Due to the different physico-chemical properties of the compounds inter-drug-differences in pharmacokinetic parameters including drug accumulation into lung and brain tissue were observed. Multiple drug dosing abolished the circadian-phase-dependency in the elimination half-lives of the drugs due to an increase in D. Only for the highly lipophilic propranolol half-lives in highly perfused organs were still shorter in D than in L.

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Accession: 039552781

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PMID: 2864639

DOI: 10.1007/bf00586708

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