Cloning of a surface protein antigen gene from serotype c Streptococcus mutans

Okahashi, N.; Sasakawa, C.; Yoshikawa, M.; Hamada, S.; Koga, T.

Molecular Microbiology 3(2): 221-228

1989


ISSN/ISBN: 0950-382X
PMID: 2503676
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1989.tb01811.x
Accession: 039591150

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Abstract
The structural gene for a 190 kD protein antigen (PAc) of Streptococcus mutans MT8148 (serotype c) was cloned into the plasmid vector pUC118. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western immunoblotting showed that the Escherichia coli harbouring the chimaeric plasmid produced multiple polypeptides of 190-210 kD. Immunodiffusion analysis revealed that the cloned PAc had the same specific determinants as S. mutans PAc. The cloned pac gene was mapped, and its transcriptional orientation was determined by characterizing deletion mutants of the chimaeric plasmid. Southern blot analysis with the cloned gene sequence as a probe revealed the presence of a homologous sequence in DNAs from serotypes e and f S. mutans. PAc-defective mutants were constructed by inserting an erythromycin-resistance gene into the pac gene. The cell-surface hydrophobicity of the mutants was lower than that of the parent strain.

Cloning of a surface protein antigen gene from serotype c Streptococcus mutans