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Cognitive mediators of pain perception and tolerance

Cognitive mediators of pain perception and tolerance

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61(3): 504-510

A social learning model of pain perception and tolerance was evaluated. Responses to cold-pressor pain were examined in 4 groups of 20 Ss each. One group was given instruction in cognitive coping strategies, the 2nd was given a monetary incentive contingent on tolerance time, the 3rd was given both cognitive training and monetary reinforcement, and a no-treatment control group was given neither. Incentive and coping instructions significantly increased tolerance but did not alter pain perception. A path analysis indicated that pain tolerance was affected by self-efficacy, which in turn was predicted by pain expectancy and the provision of incentives. Incentive also had an impact on tolerance that was independent of self-efficacy. Pain perception was strongly affected by pain expectancy, but was unrelated to self-efficacy.

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Accession: 039597861

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1941522

DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.61.3.504

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