+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia: a retrospective study in a regional hospital. III. Microbiological aspects



Community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia: a retrospective study in a regional hospital. III. Microbiological aspects



Giornale di Batteriologia Virologia Ed Immunologia 83(1-12): 70-83



A retrospective study was made of all blood cultures performed over a 40-month period at the Ivrea-Castellamonte Hospital (Turin, Italy). A total of 4386 vials from 619 patients were examined. There were 619 positive vials (14.1%) from 131 patients (21.2%) corresponding to 145 bacteremia episodes, including 129 monomicrobial (89%) and 16 polymicrobial (11%). Ten patients (1.6%) had more than one episode. There were 73 polluted vials (1.7%). A total of 165 microorganism were isolated: Gram-positive (52.7%) and Gram-negative (46%) bacteria, and mycetes (1.2%), anaerobic flora (9.7%). The predominant families were: Enterobacteriaceae (29.5%), Micrococcaceae (27.3%), Pseudomonadaceae (4.8%), Bacteroidaceae (4.8%) and Streptococcus "Genus" (18.8%). The species frequencies were: Escherichia coli (20%), Staphylococcus aureus (15.8%), Enterococcus (8.5%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (7.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.8%), Proteus mirabilis (4.2%), Brucella spp. (2.4%), Bacteroides fragilis, Streptococcus bovis e Propionibacterium acnes (1.8%). These findings are compared with those published in the Italian and international literature. Stress is laid on periodical review of the isolations from samples of this kind as a useful aid towards the diagnosis and treatment of hospital infections, and in their monitoring and epidemiological evaluation.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 039613866

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2133330


Related references

Community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia: a retrospective study in a regional hospital. I. Epidemiologic aspects. Giornale di Batteriologia Virologia Ed Immunologia 83(1-12): 53-60, 1990

Community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia: a retrospective study in a regional hospital. II. Clinical observations. Giornale di Batteriologia Virologia Ed Immunologia 83(1-12): 61-69, 1990

Hospital acquired poly microbial bacteremia microbiological and clinical aspects. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology (79): 311, 1979

Epidemiological aspects of community-acquired and hospital-acquired bacteremia in Northern Norway. Scandinavian Journal Of Infectious Diseases. 25(4): 465-470, 1993

Clinical and microbiological analysis of community-acquired bacteremia admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 87(1): 6, 2013

Impact of microbiological samples in the hospital management of community-acquired, nursing home-acquired and hospital-acquired pneumonia in older patients. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 35(3): 489-495, 2016

An analysis of community and hospital acquired bacteremia in a large teaching hospital in the uk. Qjm 63(241): 427-440, 1987

Clinical response and hospital costs associated with the empirical use of vancomycin and linezolid for hospital-acquired pneumonia in a Chinese tertiary care hospital: a retrospective cohort study. Clinicoeconomics and Outcomes Research 6: 451-461, 2014

Incidence, Outcomes, and Risk Factors of Community-Acquired and Hospital-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Medicine 95(19): E3674, 2016

Identifying Patients with Bacteremia in Community-Hospital Emergency Rooms: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Plos one 11(3): E0148078, 2016

Clinical Outcomes and Hospital Costs Associated with Empirical Treatment of Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia with Vancomycin or Linezolid in a Chinese Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Value in Health 17(7): A804-A805, 2014

Hospital bacteremia at the "Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP": a four-year retrospective study. Revista do Hospital das Clinicas 49(4): 168-172, 1994

A case-control study of patient characteristics and risk factors for hospital-acquired Acinetobacter bacteremia in our hospital. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 88(6): 871-874, 2014

Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia A comparison of community acquired vs hospital acquired. Pediatric Research 37(4 Part 2): 143A, 1994