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Community-based survey on blood pressure, blood biochemistry and dietary habits in Pu-Li, Taiwan



Community-based survey on blood pressure, blood biochemistry and dietary habits in Pu-Li, Taiwan



Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 50(4): 279-287



The target population of this study were all residents over the age of 30 in Pu-Li. Stratified cluster sampling was employed. Household visits were carried out in 1987 by the Yang-Ming Crusade, organized by well-trained medical students of the National Yang-Ming Medical College. A total of 1,738 persons out of a potential 2,573 eligible subjects were contacted by at least one of the two interviews or a blood draw. The crude and adjusted (for vacant households) rates were 68% and 84% respectively. Age, sex, and education were evenly distributed. The distribution of physiological variables and blood biochemistry were as follows: 23.0 +/- 3.2 for body mass index (BMI = kg/m2; men 22.8 +/- 3.0, women 23.2 +/- 3.3), 129.7 +/- 20.7 mmHg for systolic blood pressure (men 130.4 +/- 19.6 mmHg, women 128.9 +/- 21.8 mmHg), 81.9 +/- 12.9 mmHg for diastolic blood pressure (men 82.9 +/- 12.8 mmHg, women 80.9 +/- 12.9 mmHg), 103.6 +/- 29.6 mg/dl for fasting plasma glucose (men 101.8 +/- 21.9 mg/dl, women 105.2 +/- 35.2 mg/dl), 222.1 +/- 57.2 mg/dl for cholesterol (men 221.9 +/- 56.5 mg/dl, women 222.3 +/- 57.9 mg/dl), 162.7 +/- 115.5 mg/dl for triglyceride (men 170.3 +/- 117.1 mg/dl, women 155.7 +/- 113.6 mg/dl), 5.8 +/- 3.0 mg/dl for uric acid (men 6.5 +/- 4.8 mg/dl, women 5.2 +/- 1.5 mg/dl). Blood pressure and blood biochemistry variables were positively associated with age. Comparatively, men had much more unhealthy life styles than women; due to prevalences for cigarette smoking (56.0% vs. 3.0%), alcohol intake (43.8% vs. 6.6%) and betel-nut chewing (18.2% vs. 0.8%).

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Accession: 039614042

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PMID: 1334785


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