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Comparative EPR studies on the nitrite reductases from Escherichia coli and Wolinella succinogenes

Comparative EPR studies on the nitrite reductases from Escherichia coli and Wolinella succinogenes

Febs Letters 218(2): 227-230

Hexaheme nitrite reductases purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli K-12 and Wolinella succinogenes were studied by low-temperature EPR spectroscopy. In their isolated states, the two enzymes revealed nearly identical EPR spectra when measured at 12 K. Both high-spin and low-spin ferric heme EPR resonances with g values of 9.7, 3.7, 2.9, 2.3 and 1.5 were observed. These signals disappeared upon reduction by dithionite. Reaction of reduced enzyme with nitrite resulted in the formation of ferrous heme-NO complexes with distinct EPR spectral characteristics. The heme-NO complexes formed with the two enzymes differed, however, in g values and line-shapes. When reacted with hydroxylamine, reduced enzymes also showed the formation of ferrous heme-NO complexes. These results suggested the involvement of an enzyme-bound NO intermediate during the six-electron reduction of nitrite to ammonia catalyzed by these two hexaheme nitrite reductases. Heme proteins that can either expose bound NO to reduction or release it are significant components of both assimilatory and dissimilatory metabolisms of nitrate. The different ferrous heme-NO complexes detected for the two enzymes indicated, nevertheless, their subtle variation in heme reactivity during the reduction reaction.

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Accession: 039614341

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PMID: 3036590

DOI: 10.1016/0014-5793(87)81051-7

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