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Comparative affinities of the epimeric reaction-intermediate analogs 2- and 4-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate for spinach ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase



Comparative affinities of the epimeric reaction-intermediate analogs 2- and 4-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate for spinach ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase



Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(9): 4145-4150



2-Carboxy-3-keto-D-arabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate is a tightly bound intermediate of the carboxylase reaction of ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Two stereoisomers of an analog of this intermediate, 2-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate (2CABP) and 4-carboxy-D-arabinitol 1,5-bisphosphate (4CABP), are exceptionally potent, virtually irreversible inhibitors of the spinach carboxylase, presumably due to their structural similarity to the gem-diol (hydrated carbonyl at C-3) form of the intermediate. Incubation of the enzyme with either leads to time-dependent loss of activity. Inhibition of the enzyme is biphasic, with initial dissociation constants of 0.47 and 0.19 microM and maximal rates for tight complex formation of 2.2 and 1.8 min-1 for 2CABP and 4CABP, respectively. These values give second-order rate constants for tight complex formation of 7.8 x 10(4) and 1.6 x 10(5) M-1 s-1. To determine the overall affinity of the spinach enzyme for 2CABP and 4CABP, the release rates were determined by dual isotope exchange (3H-inhibitor complex with free 14C-inhibitor). Exchange half-times of 1.82 and 530 days were observed for 4CABP and 2CABP, respectively. Overall dissociation constants of 28 pM (2.8 x 10(-11) M) and 190 fM (1.9 x 10(-13) M) were calculated from these dissociation rates together with the rates of association determined by inactivation kinetics. The difference in affinity of 2CABP and 4CABP corresponds to 2.9 kcal/mol, presumably reflecting the difference in interaction of the enzyme with the two hydroxyls of the intermediate's gem-diol. The kinetic behavior of these two inhibitors, in particular the rather slow maximal rates of association, are consistent with the expected behavior of analogs of a labile intermediate of an enzymic reaction that is far more stable than a transition state.

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Accession: 039614534

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PMID: 3346241


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