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Comparative analysis of galactoside-binding lectins isolated from mammalian spleens

Comparative analysis of galactoside-binding lectins isolated from mammalian spleens

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 256(2): 523-533

Galactoside-inhibitable lectins have been isolated from rabbit, rat, mouse, pig, lamb, calf, and human spleens. Native molecular mass, subunit structure, pI, and hemagglutinating activity have been compared for these lectins. The yields of lectin varied from 1.8 mg/kg for rabbit spleen to 79 mg/kg for lamb spleen. Pig, lamb, calf, and human spleen lectins yielded single protein peaks when subjected to Superose 12 fast-protein liquid chromatography. The apparent molecular mass for these lectins was 33-34 kDa. In contrast, rat and mouse spleen lectin preparations were separated into three components ranging from 8.4 to 34 kDa. Superose 12 chromatography of rabbit spleen lectin revealed the presence of at least six components. Gradient slab gel sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed the presence of single polypeptides for pig, calf, lamb, and human lectins corresponding to a molecular mass of 14-14.5 kDa. Multiple polypeptides were detected for the mouse, rat, and rabbit lectins. The molecular mass of the major polypeptides were 15, 15, and 17 kDa for rat, mouse, and rabbit, respectively. The presence of isolectins in all preparations was shown by isoelectric focusing. The major isolectins were acidic proteins with pI 4.38-4.80. Hemagglutination and hemagglutination inhibition assays demonstrated similarities as well as differences among the lectin preparations. Hemagglutinating activity could not be demonstrated in rabbit spleen extracts nor for isolated putative lectin. Human buffy coat cells were reversibly agglutinated by calf and human spleen lectins, demonstrating the presence of leucocyte cell surface lectin receptors.

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Accession: 039614693

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PMID: 3619445

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(87)90610-2

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