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Comparative analysis of the intracellular localization of c-Myc, c-Fos, and replicative proteins during cell cycle progression

Comparative analysis of the intracellular localization of c-Myc, c-Fos, and replicative proteins during cell cycle progression

Molecular and Cellular Biology 12(8): 3548-3555

In eukaryotic cells, nucleus-cytoplasm exchanges play an important role in genomic regulation. We have analyzed the localization of four nuclear antigens in different growth conditions: two replicative proteins, DNA polymerase alpha and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and two oncogenic regulatory proteins, c-Myc and c-Fos. A kinetic study of subcellular localization of these proteins has been done. In cultures in which cells were sparse, these proteins were detected in the nucleus. When proliferation was stopped by the high density of culture cells or by serum starvation, these proteins left the nucleus for the cytoplasm with different kinetics. DNA polymerase alpha is the first protein to leave the nucleus, with the PCNA protein, c-Fos, and c-Myc leaving the nucleus later. In contrast, during serum stimulation c-Fos and c-Myc relocalize into the nucleus before the replicative proteins. We also noticed that in sparse cell cultures, 10% of the cells exhibit a perinuclear staining for the DNA polymerase alpha, PCNA, and c-Myc proteins but not for c-Fos. This peculiar staining was also observed as an initial step to nuclear localization after serum stimulation and in vivo in Xenopus embryos when the G1 phase is reintroduced in the embryonic cell cycle at the mid-blastula stage. We suggest that such staining could reflect specific structures involved in the initiation of the S phase.

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Accession: 039614898

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PMID: 1352852

DOI: 10.1128/mcb.12.8.3548

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