Conformational studies of amphipathic alpha-helical peptides containing an amino acid with a long alkyl chain and their anchoring to lipid bilayer liposomes
Kato, T.; Lee, S.; Ono, S.; Agawa, Y.; Aoyagi, H.; Ohno, M.; Nishino, N.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1063(2): 191-196
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002 PMID: 2012817 DOI: 10.1016/0005-2736(91)90370-n
In order to investigate the conformation and orientation of lipid-bound peptides and proteins in the lipid bilayer, basic amphipathic alpha-helical peptides with a long alkyl chain, palmitoyl-(Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu)3-NHCH3 (P-4(3)) and Ac-Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu-Trp-Amy-Arg-Leu-Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu-NHCH3 (Amy-4(3), Amy; alpha-aminomyristic acid) were designed and synthesized. The conformational features and spectroscopic behavior in a buffer solution and in neutral and acidic liposomes were studied by CD, dye-leakage, and fluorescence measurements. The CD data indicated that P-4(3) took an alpha-helical structure in aqueous solution and in neutral and acidic liposomes. On the other hand, Amy-4(3) took a beta-structure in aqueous solution and an alpha-helical structure in neutral and acidic liposomes. The conformational change of Amy-4(3) was confirmed by fluorescence study on lipid titration of the peptide. The dye-leakage experiment showed that both peptides interacted with acidic liposomes to perturb them, but less effectively than Ac-(Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu)3-NHCH3 (4(3)) which has no long alkyl group. Based on these results, a discussion is made concerning the conformation and orientation of peptides in aqueous solution and in the lipid bilayer.