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Contribution of imaging to the understanding of the female pelvic fasciae

Contribution of imaging to the understanding of the female pelvic fasciae

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy 14(2): 147-154

According to the ultrasound and MRI findings, supported by planned dissections, the female perineum is organised around the musculofascial system converging towards the fibrous structure of the central perineal tendon (CPT). Behind the CPT the fascial layers form part of a fibrous assembly extending from the ventral surface of the sacrum to the anal complex, prolonging the direction of the sacral concavity downwards and forwards. On the other hand, in front of the CPT the fasciae fuse to form two aponeurotic bands circumscribing the urogenital fossa. The fascial system is reinforced cranially by the structures of the hypogastric sheath and the uterosacral ligaments. The weak point of the urogenital fossa is partly filled by the urethral-clitoridal-vulvar complex. The perineum so formed plays a cardinal role in stabilising the pelvic viscera. Stress is placed on the firmness of the posterior perineum, a key element in pelvic stability. The posterior perineum is often involved in pathological conditions and a good acquaintance with these structures is essential in defining therapeutic indications.

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Accession: 039679527

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PMID: 1641740

DOI: 10.1007/bf01794892

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