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Cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate alters hydrolysis of phospholipids by mouse embryo palate mesenchyme cells



Cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate alters hydrolysis of phospholipids by mouse embryo palate mesenchyme cells



Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 7(1): 53-58



The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhibition of release of arachidonic acid from mouse embryo palate mesenchyme (MEPM) cells in response to cAMP is due to a selected or generalized inhibition of hydrolysis of esterified pools of arachidonic acid. The calcium ionophore A23187 proved to be a useful probe of phospholipid hydrolases in MEPM cells, since it stimulated release of radiolabeled fatty acids from phospholipids of prelabeled MEPM cells as a function of the length of exposure, concentration, and concentration of Ca2+ in the medium. Elevation of intracellular levels of cAMP by treatment with (-) isoproterenol resulted in the inhibition of release of radiolabeled arachidonic acid in response to A23187. Analysis by quantitative gas-liquid chromatography revealed the source of the arachidonic acid released in response to the ionophore to be 1,2-diradyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine; elevation of intracellular levels of cAMP inhibited hydrolysis of this substrate, but may have stimulated hydrolysis of 1,2-diradyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. These findings permit the conclusions that 1) the ionophore stimulates activities of selected phospholipases A in MEPM cells and 2) cAMP modulates certain phospholipases A in MEPM cells in a specific manner.

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Accession: 039724541

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PMID: 3036907


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