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Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated cytolysis proceeds in the absence of Na+/H+ antiport activity: regulation of cytosolic pH by the Na+/H+ antiport in a cloned CTL

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated cytolysis proceeds in the absence of Na+/H+ antiport activity: regulation of cytosolic pH by the Na+/H+ antiport in a cloned CTL

Cellular Immunology 135(1): 208-221

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated cytolysis of specifically bound target cells (TC) is thought to be triggered by cross-linking the T-cell antigen receptor (TcR). Biochemical events associated with TcR cross-linking include increased intracellular calcium levels [Ca2+]i, hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol (PI), and an increase in intracellular pH [pH]i. Whereas CTL-mediated cytolysis of some TC is calcium-dependent, and PI hydrolysis is speculated to trigger the CTL lethal hit via activation of PKC, little is known about changes in [pH]i relating to activation of the lethal hit stage. We report regulation of [pH]i in a cloned CTL by the electroneutral Na+/H+ antiport during activation with PMA and specific antigen-bearing TC. Furthermore, using 5-(N-methyl-N-isobutyl) amiloride (MIBA), a potent antiport inhibitor, we demonstrate that Na+/H+ exchange is not required for activation of CTL cytolytic activity.

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Accession: 039734609

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PMID: 1850326

DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(91)90266-e

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