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DNA damage induced by nitropyrenes in primary mouse hepatocytes and in rat H4-II-E hepatoma cells



DNA damage induced by nitropyrenes in primary mouse hepatocytes and in rat H4-II-E hepatoma cells



Mutation Research 151(1): 137-146



The capacity of nitropyrenes to cause DNA damage in primary mouse hepatocytes (C57BL/6N mice) and rat H4-II-E hepatoma cells was studied by estimating single-strand breaks using the alkaline elution technique. 1-Nitropyrene (10-200 microM) caused clear dose-dependent increases in DNA strand breaks in both cell types, whereas no increase in DNA strand breaks was observed in hepatocytes treated with 1.3-, 1,6-, 1,8-dinitropyrene, 1,3,6-trinitropyrene and 1,3,6,8-tetranitropyrene under standard assay conditions (5-20 microM 30-min incubation). However, 1,8-dinitropyrene (1,8-DNP) caused dose-dependent increases in DNA strand breaks when incubated with the H4-II-E cells for 48 h, while no single-strand breaks were observed following treatment with 1,6-dinitropyrene (1,6-DNP) under the same conditions. Neither 1,6-DNP nor 1,8-DNAP induced DNA crosslinks in the H4-II-E cells. These data indicate that substrate specificity exists in the metabolic activation of nitropyrenes in murine liver.

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Accession: 039737367

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PMID: 4022037

DOI: 10.1016/0027-5107(85)90192-7


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