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Demonstration of the specific binding of bovine transferrin to the human transferrin receptor in K562 cells: evidence for interspecies transferrin internalization



Demonstration of the specific binding of bovine transferrin to the human transferrin receptor in K562 cells: evidence for interspecies transferrin internalization



Journal of Cellular Physiology 128(1): 1-8



Specific binding of ferric bovine transferrin to the human transferrin receptor was investigated using K562 cells propagated in serum-free medium without transferrin supplemented with 10(-5) elemental iron. Affinity chromatography of solubilized extracts of K562 cells surface-labeled with 125I was performed using bovine transferrin- and human transferrin-Sepharose 4B resins. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of resin eluates reveal that bovine transferrin specifically binds a Mr = 188,000 protein which dissociates into a Mr = 94,000 protein under reducing conditions, a finding identical to what is seen with human transferrin. The Mr = 94,000 reduced protein isolated by bovine transferrin resin shows an identical one-dimensional partial proteolytic digestion map with that of the human transferrin receptor. Unlabeled bovine transferrin was shown to specifically compete 125I-labeled human transferrin from the human transferrin receptor on the surface of K562 cells at 4 degrees C in a similar manner as unlabeled human transferrin; however, approximately a 2,000-fold higher concentration of bovine ligand was required to achieve comparable competition (50% inhibition of binding). Indirect immunofluorescence cytolocalization of bovine transferrin in K562 cells grown in serum-free medium supplemented with ferric bovine transferrin reveal patterns similar to those seen for human transferrin (both focal perinuclear and diffuse cytoplasmic fluorescence). Monensin treatment results in a dramatic accumulation of bovine ligand in perinuclear aggregates, suggesting that it is recycled through the Golgi, as is human transferrin. K562 cells grown in serum-free medium supplemented with either 300 micrograms/ml of ferric human or ferric bovine transferrin were found to demonstrate superimposable growth curves.

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Accession: 039758219

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3013902

DOI: 10.1002/jcp.1041280102


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